Not long after Salovey and Mayer introduced emotional intelligence to the world, other researchers and psychologists began to run with it. Daniel Goleman was one such psychologist; he originally published the bestselling book Emotional Intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ in 1995, which helped introduce it into the mainstream. In the book, and in an influential Harvard Business Review article he wrote in 2004 (“What Makes a Leader?”), Goleman identifies five domains of emotional intelligence, namely:

  1. “Self-awareness – knowing one’s strengths, weaknesses, drives, values, and impact on others”
  2. “Self-regulation – controlling or redirecting disruptive impulses and moods”
  3. “Motivation – relishing achievement for its own sake”
  4. “Empathy – understanding other people’s emotional makeup”
  5. “Social skill – building rapport with others..”

(Excerpted from: Goleman, Daniel, “What Makes a Leader?,” Harvard Business Review, January 2004.)

In subsequent writings and talks,  Goleman has reduced the domains to four, namely:

  1. “Self-awareness”
  2. “Self-management”
  3. “Social Awareness”
  4. “Relationship Management”

Source: Goleman, Daniel and Boyatzis, Richard E.Emotional Intelligence Has 12 Elements. Which Do You Need to Work On?,” Harvard Business Review. February 06, 2017.

Recommended Reading

Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ
Illustrator: – Illustrated
Published: September 27, 2005

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