Rubin, Plovnick, and Fry’s GRPI Model of Team Effectiveness

The GRPI model stands for “goals, roles, procedures, and interpersonal relationships.” As one of the oldest models for team effectiveness, it was first introduced by Richard Beckhard in 1972 to help with understanding team behavior. It was then popularized in 1977 by doctors Irwin Rubin, Mark Plovnick, and Ronald Fry.  This model is best suited for teams who have lost their direction and need to find their way back into the swing of things.

Model of Team Effectiveness

View article: Mulder, P. (2019). GRPI Model. (Image retrieved 8/12/2021 from toolshero.)


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